The high rate of modernization put the Japanese on a tight rope as far as there cultural and social values were concerned.
He was elected by a majority of party members, something, which is new in Japanese politics, before that the party powerful in backrooms selected the prime ministers. His cabinet selections were marked by an unusual diversity when he picked five women, an economic adviser, and two other outsiders Struck, On the one hand, his popular mandate may signify the beginning of a new era for Japan and Japanese politics.
The origins of the bureaucracy in Japan go back before the Tokugawa period when basic ideas of bureaucratic ideas found their way to Japan and were a result of the Chinese influence, who had a Confucian style bureaucracy. However during the Tokugawa period, a period of isolation, which lasted from tillthere was no need for a bureaucratic type of organization because Japan was organized into many shogunates in which individual lords reigned over certain areas.
With the opening of Japan in by Commodore Perry and sweeping reforms beginning inJapan became a more centralized nation, which created the need for a bureaucratic organization.
Inthe regional power of the daimyo, part of the feudal system, was abolished and in its place prefectures were created, which were soon reduced to 72 and today there are only 47 are left Hoye, In this period, which is known as the Meji Restoration, Japan gradually moved toward a bureaucratically as well as quasi-democratically governed country Hunter, Unfortunately, the Japanese democracy was not a very strong one and over the years three power centers evolved in Japan.
There were the zaibatsu, industrial conglomerates, which pretty much controlled the economy. The military was another powerful organization in this era.
The third was the bureaucracy, which was responsible to the emperor only. While in Germany the nation had been drawn into the war almost single-handedly by the charismatic Adolf Hitler and his party, in Japan it was more or less not an individual act but for a large part it was the three powers, which were all more or less bureaucratically organized, that were collectively responsible.
After the Second World War, the U.
|BREAKING DOWN 'Bureaucracy'||Cassel This book reopens the question of consular jurisdiction and extraterritoriality in China and Japan.|
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Japan had been devastated after the Second World War, two atomic bombs had destroyed two major Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and the rest of the country was economically in rubbles when U. Truman decided to rebuild the nation.
Because the US forces needed some institution in Japan to reconstruct the nation, they decided to strengthen the bureaucracy and use it as an instrument to make Japan the powerful nation it became, which was part of their idea of working through indirect government during the occupation Johnson, The occupation forces, however, also wrote the Constitution of Japan that established the principle of the superiority of the Diet, the legislative body, and the responsiveness of the bureaucracy.
Furthermore they dismantled the very powerful Home Ministry and reorganized the police and the educational system.
The attempt was to put more power into the hands of local authorities, but most of these attempts failed Hoye, The chart in the appendix also shows also central agencies and commissions.
It also shows the organization that was established as oversight over the bureaucracy, the National Personnel Authority NPA. · A bureaucracy is any system of administration that uses policies, procedures and rules to function. Classic examples of bureaucracies include large corporations and government vetconnexx.com://vetconnexx.com · Post Bureaucracy and Network Society Post Bureaucratic organisations emerged when organisations found it difficult to cope up with strict rules and defined boundaries of the bureaucratic structure.
With the introduction of advance technology being used in the modern age the organisational structure has changed in many large-scale vetconnexx.com://vetconnexx.com · Bureaucracy Introduction Bureaucracy today is an integral part of most modern organizations.
Whether public or private, organizations all across the world implement systems and regulations in their daily procedures which are enforced by appointed vetconnexx.com://vetconnexx.com 2nd Place T-Shirt, Participant South East Asia War Games, , by Forrest Brandt.
Japan, the first Asian country to enter the ranks of the industrialized democracies, provides an excellent case study of a non-Western, but highly modern, national vetconnexx.com://vetconnexx.com · It explains the reaction to Weber's concept of bureaucracy and its combustion with capitalist and democratic values.
It is the legal-rational type of authority that constitutes the basis of Weber's concept of bureaucracy and the foundation of modern civilization as it is premised on "a belief in the legitimacy of the pattern of normative rules and the rights of those elevated to authority vetconnexx.com