Introduction The introduction section will provide a general introduction to the topic and why this topic and discipline were chosen. The research study being critiqued will also be introduced in this section. Literature Review In this section the literature that the author of the study introduced will be discussed.
A consideration of the current classification and diagnosis systems followed by a critical evaluation of the theoretical models used to understand and treat mental disorders, a study on how the stigma of mental health issues effect individual and steps taking to change perceptions will conclude this essay.
Psychological abnormality is perceived as a dysfunction within a person that is considered to be deviant, distressful and dangerous behaviour that is not a typical normative or culturally accepted. ComerBarlow and Durand Barlow and Durandp Supernatural traditions believe that abnormal behaviour comes from an individual being affected by the moon or lunar activities this is where the derivative of lunatic originated.
Or that a person is possessed by evil sprits or the devil, these views where up held by the church and subsequent treatment including exorcism was given by the clergy.
Barlow and Durand The biological approach to disorders are considered to be diseases or chemical imbalances with in the body, treatment is though medical interventions which include surgery and drugs.
Comer While the psychological tradition thought that the behaviour originated from defective psychological development and the influences of society. The treatment used in this approached started with moral therapy and have now developed in the psychotherapy.
The WHO also states that Mental health is defined as a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community.
There are certain illness such as schizophrenia that when present are more identifiable, but for other such as depression the indicators are not so clear, as an individuals mental health exist on a continuum and there is no clear demarcation separating illness from health.
ComerBarlow and Durand Moreover, as stated by Kress et al.
In order to assist in diagnoses a systematic approach to the classification and diagnosis of mental illness has been developed.
The diagnosis of mental disorders can be difficult as there are no definitive tests that can identify mental illness. The diagnosis of mental disorders must rest with information taken from the patient in the form of dialogue, tests and observations reports of symptoms.
When recognizable patterns are observed they are known as syndromes, if the syndrome meets all the diagnosis criteria, it constitutes a mental disorder.
ComerDavidson and NealeBarlow and Durand Disorders are categorised and listed with a description of the symptoms and guidelines for attributing a category to a person, this is know as a classification system. The ICD provides codes to classify diseases; each disease can be allotted a unique category and given a code, up to six characters long.
The ICD- 10 is the official classification for mortality and morbidity statistics for all signatories to the U. The publication of ICD is planned for The DSM-IV-TR is a multi-axial system as it organises diagnostic information into one of the five axes relating to different aspects of a disorder.
A subtype is a subgroup within a diagnosis that confers greater specificity. Comer Although at first sight both the DSM-IV-TR and the ICD classification system appears to provide a beneficial and successful structure on which to view presented symptoms, but it is not to be assumed that either system are conclusive or even correct.
There are criticisms of the systems, Foullette and Houts and Kupfer et al. There appears to be no immediate solution to this issue and further research may produce a solution in time.
Reeb and NathanThe DSM-IV-TR is a multi-axial system as it organises diagnostic information into one of the five axes relating to different aspects of a disorder. Diagnosis is usually from either Axis I or Axis II, but can get diagnosed from both.
Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of DSM-IV TR, as well as new changes for DSM-V. DSM-IV TR, which stands for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edition), Text Revision was published by the American Psychiatric Association in and serves as a guide book for many health professionals to diagnose a patient with a.
Discuss the types of resources you have found, how extensive they are, who has developed these web sites, the kinds of resources are available, and your overall evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of resources in this area.
Discuss with classmates the strengths and weaknesses of DSM classifications. 2 Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy, Childhood, or Adolescence; Delirium, Dementia, and Amnestic and Other Cognitive Disorders; Mental Disorders Due to a General Medical Condition.
This medical education video by Michael First, MD discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the DSM classification approach, including the historical conflicts surrounding the . DSM-IV TR, which stands for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edition), Text Revision was published by the American Psychiatric Association in and serves as a guide book for many health professionals to diagnose a patient with a mental disorder.