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Buddhist traditions in the East: Buddhism is not a single monolithic religion. Many of its adherents have combined the teachings of the Buddha with local religious rituals, beliefs and customs. Little conflict occurs, because Buddhism at its core is a philosophical system to which such additions can be easily grafted.
After the Buddha's death, splits occurred. There are now three main systems of thought within Buddhism which are geographically and philosophically separate.
Each tradition in turn has many sects.
One source divides the religion into three main groups by their location: Buddhist missionaries from India took the religion to a number of countries, but it initially only achieved a foothold in Sri Lanka. They promoted the Vibhajjavada school Separative Teaching. By the 15th century, this form of the religion reached almost its present geographical extent.
Concepts and practices include: Dana - thoughtful, ceremonial giving Sila - accepting Buddhist teaching and following it in practice; refraining from killing, stealing, wrong behavior, use of drugs. On special days, three additional precepts may be added, restricting adornment, entertainment and comfort.
Karma - the balance of accumulated sin and merit, which will determine one's future in the present life, and the nature of the next life to come. The Cosmos - consists of billions of worlds grouped into clusters; clusters are grouped into galaxies, which are themselves grouped into super-galaxies.
The universe also has many levels: Paritta - ritual chanting. Worship - of relics of a Buddha, of items made by a Buddha, or of other symbolic relics. Festivals - days of the full moon, and three other days during the lunar cycle are celebrated.
There is a new year's festival, and celebrations tied to the agricultural year. Pilgrimages - particularly to Buddhist sites in Sri Lanka and India. It found initial acceptance there among the workers; later, it gradually penetrated the ruling class. Buddhism reached Japan in the 6th century.
It underwent severe repression during the 's in China during the Cultural Revolution. Eastern Buddhism contains many distinct schools: T'ein-t'ai, Hua-yen, Pure Land teachings, and the Meditation school.
They celebrate the New Year, harvest festivals, and five anniversaries from the lives of Buddha and of the Bodhissattva Kuan-yin. It has been, until recently, wrongly dismissed as a degenerate form of Buddhism.
Ceremony and ritual are emphasized.The Bachelor of Arts in East Asia, Japan Subplan, offers students the ability to study East Asia with a special focus on Japanese culture and language. The Bachelor of Arts in East Asian Studies, Japan Subplan, replaced the department's Bachelor of Arts in Japanese.
Religion in the World - Religion is intertwined with culture, economics, politics, and modern social relationships on every level, whether you attend church habitually, or whether you are a casual bystander, you simply cannot escape religion.
For Asian-American Buddhists, the temple "has more congregational importance, playing a key religious, social and cultural role in the community."Many have come to America recently, escaping wars in the Far East. Caucasians Buddhists focus on meditation.
Ideology was more important than culture and religion for the growth of nationalist movements in the period before WWII. How far do you agree?
Colonial rule had brought about many significant impacts in South East Asian countries which included many dissatisfactions among the natives. Thus, this brought about the rise of nationalist movements.
From to , 'State Shinto' dominated Japanese religious life, and all religions were incorporated into an overall system of emperor worship. Despite the restrictions on freedom of thought and association in the pre period several religious movements started up which were destined to expand massively in the post-war era.
South Asian culture is still full of distinct and undefinable aspects.
In the movies and popular literature it is represented as the culture of silence, religion and spirituality. This paper is aimed to discuss the representation of South Asian culture in the movie Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham.