Anne exiled some of her husband's ministers Chavigny, Bouthilierand she nominated Brienne as her minister of foreign affairs. Anne wanted to give her son absolute authority and a victorious kingdom.
Visit Website Did you know? At the Palace of Versailles, aristocrats were expected to compete for the privilege of watching Louis XIV wake up, eat meals and prepare for bed. Beginning intheir discontent erupted into a civil war known as the Fronde, which forced the royal family to flee Paris and instilled a lifelong fear of rebellion in the young king.
A diplomatic necessity more than anything else, the union produced six children, of whom only one, Louissurvived to adulthood. He viewed himself as the direct representative of God, endowed with a divine right to wield the absolute power of the monarchy.
Immediately after assuming control of the government, Louis worked tirelessly to centralize and tighten control of France and its overseas colonies.
His finance minister, Jean-Baptiste Colbertimplemented reforms that sharply reduced the deficit and fostered the growth of industry, while his war minister, the Marquis de Louvoisexpanded and reorganized the French army. Louis also managed to pacify and disempower the historically rebellious nobles, who had fomented no less than 11 civil wars in four decades, by luring them to his court and habituating them to the opulent lifestyle there.
Most famously, he transformed a royal hunting lodge in Versailles, a village 25 miles southwest of the capital, into one of the largest palaces in the world, officially moving his court and government there in It was against this awe-inspiring backdrop that Louis tamed the nobility and impressed foreign dignitaries, using entertainment, ceremony and a highly codified system of etiquette to assert his supremacy.
Under pressure from the English, Swedish and especially the Dutch, France retreated and returned the region to Spain, gaining only some frontier towns in Flanders. The ensuing war, fought on both hemispheres, lasted from to ; France emerged with most of its territory intact but its resources severely strained.
The long conflict plunged a famine-ridden France into massive debt, turning public opinion against the crown. Inthe devoutly Catholic king revoked the Edict of Nantes, issued by his grandfather Henry IV inwhich had granted freedom of worship and other rights to French Protestants known as Huguenots.
With the Edict of Fontainebleau, Louis ordered the destruction of Protestant churches, the closure of Protestant schools and the expulsion of Protestant clergy. Protestants would be barred from assembling and their marriages would be deemed invalid.
Baptism and education in the Catholic faith would be required of all children. Roughly 1 million Huguenots lived in France at the time, and many were artisans or other types of skilled workers. Although emigration of Protestants was explicitly forbidden by the Edict of Fontainebleau, scores of people—estimates range fromto ,—fled in the decades that followed, settling in England, Switzerland, Germany and the American colonies, among other places.
His reign had lasted 72 years, longer than that of any other known European monarch, and left an indelible mark on the culture, history and destiny of France. His 5-year-old grandson succeeded him as Louis XV.Louis XIV was the foremost example of the monarchy that brought France to its pinnacle.
He has been accused of having dug the grave of that monarchy, particularly through his religious policy, his last will, and his isolation of the court from the people. Watch video · Louis XIV was born on September 5, , in Saint-Germaine-en-Laye, France, and christened Louis-Dieudonné—French for "Gift of God." His mother was the Hapsburg Spanish queen Anne of Austria.
Louis XIV married his cousin (on both sides) Maria-Theresa of Austria, the Spanish Infanta, at Saint-Jean-de-Luz in Their marriage sealed the reconciliation between France and neighbouring Spain. Louis XIV: Louis XIV, king of France (–) who ruled his country during one of its most brilliant periods and who remains the symbol of absolute monarchy of the classical age.
He extended France’s eastern borders at the expense of the Habsburgs and secured the Spanish throne for his grandson. Watch video · Follow King Louis XIV's reign during France's classical age, including his revocation of the Edict of Nantes and aggressive foreign policy, on vetconnexx.com Dec 02, · Watch video · The reign of France’s Louis XIV (), known as the Sun King, lasted for 72 years, longer than that of any other known European sovereign.
Louis XIV, also popularly known as the Sun King (5 September –1 September ) was the King of France and King of Navarre from 14 May until his death. He was a king for 72 years. He was a king for 72 years. Louis XVI (French pronunciation: ; 23 August – 21 January ), born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution. He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet . Louis XIV: Louis XIV, king of France (–) who ruled his country during one of its most brilliant periods and who remains the symbol of absolute monarchy of the classical age. He extended France’s eastern borders at the expense of the Habsburgs and secured the Spanish throne for his grandson.