He has 12 sons, for whom the 12 Tribes of Israel are BRONZE AGE - BC The term Bronze Age refers to a period in human cultural development when the most advanced metalworking at least in systematic and widespread use included techniques for smelting copper and tin from naturally-occurring outcroppings of copper and tin ores, creating a bronze alloy by melting those metals together, and casting them into bronze artifacts. Hammurabi Code - The structure of the code is very specific, with each offense receiving a specified punishment. The punishments tended to be harsh by modern standards, with many offenses resulting in death, disfigurement, or the use of the "Eye for eye, tooth for tooth" IRON AGE - BC The Iron Age was the stage in the development of any people in which tools and weapons whose main ingredient was iron were prominent. No firm ending date is set for the Iron Age in any particular society; there is simply a point where archaeology becomes less important than surviving history and traditions.
Prehistory[ edit ] The oldest known star chart may be a carved ivory Mammoth tusk that was discovered in Germany in This artifact is 32, years old and has a carving that resembles the constellation Orion. This is dated from 33, to 10, years ago. Rappenglueck has suggested that a panel in the same caves depicting a charging bison, a man with a bird's head and the head of a bird on top of a piece of wood, together may depict the summer trianglewhich at the time was a circumpolar formation.
The bovine in this panel may represent the constellation Tauruswith a pattern representing the Pleiades just above it. The oldest accurately dated star chart appeared in ancient Egyptian astronomy in BC. It is the oldest surviving depiction of the ancient Greek constellations, and includes grid circles that provide coordinate positions.
Because of precessionthe positions of the constellations slowly change over time. By comparing the positions of the 41 constellations against the grid circles, an accurate determination can be made of the epoch when the original observations were performed.
This evidence indicates that the star catalogue of the 2nd-century BC Greek astronomer Hipparchus was used. This is a bas relief sculpting on a ceiling at the Dendera Temple complex.
It is a planisphere depicting the zodiac in graphical representations. However, individual stars are not plotted.
A total of 1, stars are drawn, grouped into asterisms. The date of this chart is uncertain, but is estimated as —10 AD. This has been dated to Inthe astronomer Huang Shang prepared a planisphere along with explanatory text.
It was engraved in stone inand this chart still exists in the Wen Miao temple in Suzhou.
This book was an update of parts VII. The work of al-Sufi contained illustrations of the constellations and portrayed the brighter stars as dots. The original book did not survive, but a copy from about is preserved at the Oxford University.
It was most likely produced in ViennaAustria in and consisted of a two-part map depicting the constellations of the northern celestial hemisphere and the ecliptic.
These most likely came from the records of two Dutch sailors, Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtmanwho in traveled together to the Dutch East Indies. Their compilations resulted in the globe of Jodocus Hondiuswho added 12 new southern constellations. Several other such maps were produced, including Johann Bayer 's Uranometria in Classical Europe: BCE - CE Rome & Greece.
Political. Rome- In BCE Persian forces defeated the Greeks at Thermopylae, but were defeated and conquered at the Battle of Salamis. He helped spread Greek culture to Asia minor, Egypt, Mesopotamia, and even India.
Athens was the birthplace of Democracy. This book has two complete units, one for Ancient Mesopotamia ( weeks) and one for ancient India ( weeks) Each unit includes complete lesson plans, learning modules, and a daily mix of meaningful creative activities NOT found on our website.
The Odyssey is written in 24 books and begins nearly ten years after the. 1) Welcome to the empires of Mesopotamia! Throughout this WebQuest you will be reviewing information about three of the main empires: Persia, Babylon, and Assyria.
Your first task is to look through the websites below and take notes on information you feel is important in relation to the empires and. Study 28 PERSIAN CHARTS flashcards from Patrick t. on StudyBlue. Trade & technological influence from Mesopotamia Egyptian influence spread up the Nile into present-day Sudan to impact later African civilizations The kingdom of Kush interacted with and invaded Egypt.