Login The role of philosophy and hierarchy in Friedrich Nietzsche's political thought. Donaldson, Ian Linton The role of philosophy and hierarchy in Friedrich Nietzsche's political thought.
Five of the most important thinkers in the history of Western philosophy. As with most of his works, it received little attention. Twilight of the Idols appeared in ; The Antichrist and Nietzsche contra Wagner were not published untilthe former mistakenly as book one of The Will to Power; and Ecce Homo was withheld from publication until20 years after its composition.
Collapse and misuse Nietzsche collapsed in the streets of TurinItaly, in Januaryhaving lost control of his mental faculties completely. Bizarre but meaningful notes he sent immediately after his collapse brought his friend Franz Overbeck, a Christian theologian, to Italy to return Nietzsche to Basel.
He died in His breakdown was long attributed to atypical general paralysis caused by dormant tertiary syphilis. Later diagnoses included degeneration of the cerebral blood vessels and retro-orbital meningioma, a tumour of the brain meninges behind the right eye.
She also committed petty forgeries. Generations of commentators were misled.
In his mature writings Nietzsche was preoccupied by the origin and function of values in human life. If, as he believed, life neither possesses nor lacks intrinsic value and yet is always being evaluated, then such evaluations can usefully be read as symptoms of the condition of the evaluator.
He was especially interested, therefore, in a probing analysis and evaluation of the fundamental cultural values of Western philosophyreligionand moralitywhich he characterized as expressions of the ascetic ideal. The ascetic ideal is born when suffering becomes endowed with ultimate significance.
Similarly, traditional philosophy expressed the ascetic ideal when it privileged soul over body, mind over sensesduty over desire, reality over appearance, the timeless over the temporal.
While Christianity promised salvation for the sinner who repents, philosophy held out hope for salvation, albeit secularfor its sages. Common to traditional religion and philosophy was the unstated but powerful motivating assumption that existence requires explanation, justification, or expiation.
Both may be read as symptoms of a declining life, or life in distress. Charity, humility, and obedience replaced competition, pride, and autonomy. Crucial to the triumph of slave morality was its claim to being the only true morality.
That insistence on absoluteness is as essential to philosophical as to religious ethics. Although Nietzsche gave a historical genealogy of master and slave morality, he maintained that it was an ahistorical typology of traits present in everyone.
He thought of the age in which he lived as one of passive nihilismthat is, as an age that was not yet aware that religious and philosophical absolutes had dissolved in the emergence of 19th-century positivism. With the collapse of metaphysical and theological foundations and sanctions for traditional morality only a pervasive sense of purposelessness and meaninglessness would remain.
And the triumph of meaninglessness is the triumph of nihilism: He thought the emerging nationalism of his day represented one such ominous surrogate god, in which the nation-state would be invested with transcendent value and purpose. And just as absoluteness of doctrine had found expression in philosophy and religion, absoluteness would become attached to the nation-state with missionary fervour.
The slaughter of rivals and the conquest of the earth would proceed under banners of universal brotherhood, democracyand socialism.The dissertation offers a study of two key figures in the history of political philosophy.
By way of a textual interpretation of Martin Heidegger’s reading of Friedrich Nietzsche, it. Nietzsche had not yet written a doctoral thesis, let alone the dissertation generally required before a doctor of philosophy becomes a Privatdozent, or the additional book required for an associate professorship, yet he was appointed an associate professor at Basel at the age of The ancient Greek influence on Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy of education Hart, Thomas () The ancient Greek influence on Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy of education.
Doctoral thesis, Durham University. Preview. PDF 8Mb: Abstract. From early in his life Friedrich Nietzsche had a deep and abiding concern for the state of . Friedrich Nietzsche's () concept of the Ubermensch, like much of his philosophy, seems to have eluded scholars and critics alike, and a concise characterization of this figure which remains consistent with textual evidence is difficult to discover.
The ancient Greek influence on Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy of education Hart, Thomas () The ancient Greek influence on Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy of . My thesis is that Nietzsche’s conception of philosophy is intentionally revisionary – his work is an attempt to make philosophers reconceive themselves as creators of value, and to own up to and embrace the cultural significance of that task.