Here is how and why the conflict started: What caused the uprising?
In March antigovernment protests broke out in Syria, inspired by a wave of similar demonstrations elsewhere in the Middle East and North Africa that had begun in December Bashar al-Assad was asked in an interview with The Wall Street Journal if he expected the wave of popular protest then sweeping through the Arab world—which had already unseated authoritarian rulers in Tunisia and Egypt —to reach Syria.
In reality, a variety of long-standing political and economic problems were pushing the country toward instability.
When Assad succeeded his father inhe came to the presidency with a reputation as a modernizer and a reformer. On the eve of the uprising, then, Syrian society remained highly repressive, with increasingly conspicuous inequalities in wealth and privilege.
Hundreds of thousands of farming families were reduced to poverty, causing a mass migration of rural people to urban shantytowns. A group of children had been arrested and tortured by the authorities for writing antiregime graffiti; incensed local people took to the street to demonstrate for political and economic reforms.
Security forces responded harshly, conducting mass arrests and sometimes firing on demonstrators. Videos of security forces beating and firing at protesters—captured by witnesses on mobile phones—were circulated around the country and smuggled out to foreign media outlets.
As the conflict progressed, however, sectarian divisions hardened. In his public statements, Assad sought to portray the opposition as Sunni Islamic extremists in the mold of al-Qaeda and as participants in foreign conspiracies against Syria.
As the protests increased in strength and size, the regime responded with heavier force. In response, some groups of protesters began to take up arms against the security forces.
Barack Obama and several European heads of state called for him to step down in August Page 1 of 4.May 22, · The Syrian Civil War reached its seventh anniversary on March 15 this year. Assad is still in power, the Free Syrian Army (FSA) is still trying to kick him out, and several countries and groups have joined in the fighting.
Syrian Civil War: Syrian Civil War, armed conflict that began in with an uprising against the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. The conflict drew involvement from a number of international actors and helped precipitate the rise of ISIL (also called ISIS or Islamic State) in eastern Syria.
Syria's civil war explained from the beginning.
The province is strategically important for the Syrian government and Russia for its proximity to the Russian-operated Syrian Khmeimim airbase. Watch video · Foreign backing and open intervention have played a large role in Syria's civil war. Russia entered the conflict in and has been the Assad government's main ally since then.
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Apr 12, · Making Sense of the Syrian Civil War. This book recounts Hisham’s coming-of-age since those early days, how the Syrian war unfolded through the eyes of its .