Education was carried to a high level of artistic refinement, as evidenced by the events… Reputedly founded in the 9th century bce with a rigid oligarchic constitution, the state of Sparta for centuries retained as lifetime corulers two kings who arbitrated in time of war. In time of peace, power was concentrated in a Senate of 30 members. Between the 8th and 5th century bce, Sparta subdued Messeniareducing the inhabitants to serflike status.
Women in most city-states of ancient Greece had very few rights.
They were under the control and protection of their father, husband, or a male relative for their entire lives. Women had no role in politics. Women with any wealth did not work.
They stayed indoors running their households. The only public job of importance for a woman was as a religious priestess. In Sparta, men stayed in barracks until they were thirty. Since Spartan women did not have this restriction, they had more freedoms and responsibilities in public life.
They were able to go out in public unescorted, participate in athletic contests, and inherit land. In the fourth century, over two-fifths of the land in Sparta was owned by women.
In Athens, the law required all inheritances to go through the male line and limited property that could be owned by women. It was the wives who supervised the slaves and managed the household responsibilities, such as weaving and cooking. In affluent homes, women had a completely separate area of the house where men were not permitted.
In the homes of the poor, separate areas were not available. Poor women often worked outside the home, assisting their husbands at the market or at some other job. Poorer women often went to the market without a male escort.Ancient Greece was known as the “Cradle of Western Civilization.” From this mountainous peninsula and scattered group of islands came the first democracy, epic stories, and advancements in math, science, medicine, and philosophy.
Nowhere is this situation more troubling than in Ancient Greece where women were largely regarded as inferior creatures scarcely more intelligent than children.
Most of the written record comes from Athens; the little bit we know about the other Greek states was more often than not written by an Athenian.
The picture that emerges is that seen by . WOMEN IN THE ANCIENT WORLD. The status, role and daily life of women in the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Rome, Athens, Israel and Babylonia.
Women Slaves. Traditionally, studies of Ancient Greece focus on the political, military and cultural achievements of Greek men. Unfortunately, the information we have about ancient Greek women is biased because it comes from various sources such as plays, philosophical tracts, vase paintings and sculptures which were completed by males.
Women in the ancient Greek world had few rights in comparison to male citizens. Unable to vote, own land, or inherit, a woman’s place was in the home and her purpose in life was the rearing of children.
Controversial Sexual Habits in Ancient Times. Incest, homosexuality, pedophilia and sexual orgies are controversial practices in modern society.